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SAN DONNINO AND HIS CATHEDRAL
 
SAN DONNINO AND HIS CATHEDRAL
THE BIRTH OF THE TOWN

The town of Fidenza was born as PRAEFECTURA, a centre of administrative services along Via Aemilia during II century.B.C. It changed into MUNICIPALIUM, a real town in I century B.C. and had a certain prosperity during the roman era  as the archaeological findings of mosaics, coins, glasses, amphoras and many ceramics can demonstrate. Quoted in “Tabula Patronatus” dated 206 A.C. as Flavia Fidentia, it suffered the political , economical and social crisis of late roman empire more than Parma did, so far that it lost the dignity of town and in the late itinerary (i.e. Antonino, Hierosolimitano, etc…..) it is quoted as simple VICUS (village) or MANSIO (place of rest). The tradition and The Medieval Passio don’t quote Fidenza anymore, but they indicate on the left bank of Stirone River, near the Roman Bridge along Via Aemilia, the place of the Martyrdom of Donnino, CUBICULARIO of the Roman Emperor  Massimiano Erculeo, dating back to the first years of IV century by the scientific chronology, traditionally referred to 293 A.C. by the Church in Fidenza. Following these stories and as it is shown in the artistic Antelamic bas-reliefs of the lintel of the principal portal of the Cathedral of Fidenza, the Martyr after his beheading would have crossed the river bearing his head in his hands and there , where he would lie down on the right bank of Stirone, he would have been buried. His grave was forgotten for several years and after supernatural events it would be found out, recognized as San Donnino’s body and officially destined to the cult of the believers. (the liturgical calendars from V –VI centuries). His cult spread in a great area of North and Central Italy with different devotions and iconographic characteristics, it led to the constructions of a sanctuary, probably enlarged in the course of time, which became an attractive pole for a new inhabitant place called Borgo San Donnino. This name was maintained till 1927 when after the inventions of archaeological proves solving a long quarrel on the set of ancient Fidentia, the city took the name of the old roman town. During the last twenties the archaeological researches keeping on by the Sovrintendenza of Parma inside and in the vicinity of the Cathedral  have confirmed that San Donnino was buried in the graveyard area of old Municipium of Fidentia, even if it isn’t easily definable when his body was put into the marble sarcophagus  of II century. In 1853 this tomb was found out under the altar of the crypt of the Cathedral, after about seven centuries later the first well-grounded exhumation of the Saint in 1178 and his latest burial in 1207. These dates are the temporal ends  referring to the starting of the actual church as it was evident during the latest  researches when in a place between the Cathedral façade and the old right bank of the Stirone River limestone and forges were dig out. This exhibition, realized in the context of the celebration of IX centenary of the consecration of the Cathedral of Parma through the expositions of archaeological, historical  panels and graphics about the archaeological  excavations, wants to show the knowledge on this place during the previous, contemporaneous and subsequent periods to the Martyrdom of San Donnino. The attention is also given to more recent studies on the cult and the objects related to, which determined the birth of the Medieval  Borgo,  which is by the way on one of the most important itinerary which linked the Occidental Europe to Rome and became the Via Romea of pilgrims who went to Holy Lands in Middle Age.
 
Luogo Fidenza – Church of San Giorgio: 2nd April – 16th July 2006
Note Visiting hours: from 9 to 12,30 a.m.
from 3 to 6,30 p.m.
Closed on Mondays – Open 17th , 24th April and 1st May

Information: Tourist Agency of Municipaky of Fidenza Tel: 0524 83377

Admission fee to Exposition and Diocese Museum :
Full single fare . 5 €
Groups, FAI and Touring , 3 €
School groups, 2 €

GUIDED VISITS: EXIBITION, DIOCESE MUSEUM, CATHEDRAL, ANTIQUARIUM CREMONINI HOUSE AND VIA BACCHINI HUTS: BOOKING BY ABACUS – TEL. 3494297450 – 3484703157

CATALOGUE – MUP EDITORE – MUSEO DIOCESANO DI FIDENZA € 10


Data di creazione: 27/03/2006
Data di modifica: 28/03/2006

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